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Project Management – What is PMO in Project Management?

Project Management Office, abbreviated to PMO, is a group or department within a business, agency or enterprise that defines and maintains standards for project management within the organization. The PMO strives to standardize and introduce economies of repetition in the execution of projects. It is a management structure that standardizes the project-related governance processes and facilitates the sharing of resources, methodologies, tools, and techniques. There are several types of PMO structures in organizations, each varying in the degree of control and influence they have on projects within the organization, such as: supportive, controlling and directive. A primary function of a PMO is to support project managers in a variety of ways which may include, but are not limited to:

  • Manage the interdependencies between projects.
  • Help provide resources.
  • Recommend the termination of projects.
  • Monitor compliance with organizational processes.
  • Help gather lessons learned and make them available to other projects.
  • Provide templates (e.g., for work breakdown structures or communications management plans).
  • Provide guidance.
  • Provide centralized communication about the projects.
  • Be more heavily involved during project initiating than later in the project.
  • Be part of the change control board.
  • Be a stakeholder.
  • Prioritize projects.

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